F R E E E S P E R A N T O C O U R S E
In school students can expect to study French for about 5 years, 40 weeks
in the year, 4 lessons a week at about (on the average) 30 minutes for each
lesson. Or, roughly, about 400 hours. By the end of this time, only about
10% of the students would receive a passing grade on a decent exam, and not
all of those would be understood in France.
Esperanto is about 5 to 10 times easier to learn than French, so you would
expect to take about 40 to 80 hours of study to achieve a comparable
language level in Esperanto, but in these ten network lessons you may spend
a total of only 10 hours.
So you can easily see that this course will not have you speaking fluent
Esperanto by Lesson Ten, but it will have introduced you to the basic
principles of the language, which by now should not appear so 'foreign' to
you if you were to pick up a textbook or elementary reader.
Rowing across the ocean would be more satisfying (and a little bit easier)
if you could see the milestones going by. Otherwise, once out of sight of
land, it is an act of faith whether you are making any progress at all. In
the same way in learning a language, are you really learning more than you
In a 'correspondence' course such as this one, it is impossible to test
your speaking and listening abilities. That will come at some later level
in your quest for complete control over the International Language. Right
now, we will have to be content with written tests and exercises.
Below, you will find a series of vocabulary and grammar
("fill-in-the-blank") exercises to be used as sort of a test. Try to
complete and send in these exercises without referring back to previous
lessons. If you do look back, then you never really will know how much
you've learned so far. So, do the exercises and study the little bit of
__________________________ extract from here ____________________________
Ekzercoj, Leciono Sep
Vocabulary Test (Translate into English):
1. akvo 31. frato
2. al 32. fumi
3. ami 33. granda
4. amiko 34. gxis
5. Anglujo 35. gxojo
6. atendi 36. havi
7. auxtobuseto 37. hejmo
8. bela 38. horo
9. biciklo 39. ili
10. blanka 40. instruisto
11. blua 41. juna
12. bona 42. kafo
13. bruna 43. kaj
14. butiko 44. kial
15. cigaredo 45. kiam
16. cxambro 46. kiel
17. cxe 47. kies
18. cxokolado 48. kiom
19. danco 49. knabo
20. de 50. kuko
21. dek 51. kun
22. demandi 52. kuri
23. domo 53. kvar
24. du 54. kvin
25. dum 55. lakto
26. en 56. lavi
27. esti 57. mangxi
28. fari 58. patro
29. flava 59. skribi
30. forgesi 60. verda
Grammar Test (Replace 'missing bits'):
Use the following 'missing bits':
a, aj, aj, al, an, cxe, cxion, cxiuj, de, dum, e, e, en, estas, gxis,
havas, ili, in, ist, iu, jun, kaj, kiel, kies, kio, kun, la, mal, ne,
o, o, oj, ojn, on, on, por, sub, sur, tio, as, as, tiu, tiom.
61. The boy 73. Start working quietly
___ knab___ Eklaboru silent___
62. A good boy 74. Whose book is that?
___ bon___ knabo ___ libro estas ___?
63. And a girl 75. How (did) you do so-much?
___ knab___o ___ vi faris ___?
64. The girl is bad 76. Do everything again
La knabino ___ ___bona Refaru ___
65. She has a cigarette 77. To the club in Paris
Sxi ___ cigared___ ___ la klubo ___ Parizo
66. Men smoke cigarettes 78. In the minibus from London
Vir___ fumas cigared___ ___ la auxtobuseto ___ Londono
67. Good girls don't smoke 79. With lemonade under the seats
Bon___ knabinoj ___ fumas ___ limonado ___ la segxoj
68. But they quickly learn 80. For drinking whilst we journey
Sed ___ rapid___ lern___ ___ trinkado ___ ni vojagxas
69. The pupils are young 81. On the freeway as far as Paris
La lernantoj estas jun___ ___ la sxoseo ___ Parizo
70. They have a new school 82. We all run on to the beach
Ili havas nov___ lernejon Ni ___ kur___ sur la plagx___
71. The teacher is old 83. And someone swims in the sea
La instru___o estas mal___a Kaj ___ nagxas en la mar___
72. 'What's that?' he asks
'___ estas ___?' li demandas
__________________________ extract to here ____________________________
Let's take a look now at some very important verbs...
voli (want), povi (can, be able), devi (must, have to)
Mi volas veni Mi volas kompreni
I want to come I want to understand
Mi povas veni Mi povas kompreni
I am able to come I am able to understand
I can come I can understand
Mi devas veni Mi devas kompreni
I must come I must understand
I have to come I have to understand
[Always use the infinitive verb after voli, povi, devi.]
placxi al, sxati, ami
Io aux iu placxas al mi. Something or someone is pleasing to me.
I like someone or something (a mild,
Mi sxatas ion. I esteem, greatly like something.
(inanimate objects, etc.)
Mi amas iun. I love someone (or pets).
Libroj placxas al mi.
Books are pleasing to me. I like books.
Betty placxas al mi.
Betty is pleasing to me. I like Betty.
Mi sxatas cxokoladajn kuketojn.
I really like chocolate cupcakes.
Mi amas vian filinon.
I love (am in love with) your daughter.
koni vs. scii
Mi konas... I know OF, I am aware of such a person, place or thing,
Mi scias... I know something, have studied it.
Cxu vi konas Johanon? Do you know John?
Cxu vi scias Esperanton? Do you know Esperanto?
Cxu vi konas Esperanton? Are you familiar with Esperanto?
Don't forget to add your name and e-mail address, and mail the
exercises to the address for your tutor in the Welcome Letter,
with subject: 'FEC ekz 7'.
Go back to the
for other lessons.