F R E E   E S P E R A N T O   C O U R S E


                               Lesson Seven

In school students can expect to study French for about 5 years, 40 weeks

in the year, 4 lessons a week at about (on the average) 30 minutes for each

lesson.  Or, roughly, about 400 hours.  By the end of this time, only about

10% of the students would receive a passing grade on a decent exam, and not

all of those would be understood in France.

Esperanto is about 5 to 10 times easier to learn than French, so you would

expect to take about 40 to 80 hours of study to achieve a comparable

language level in Esperanto, but in these ten network lessons you may spend

a total of only 10 hours.

So you can easily see that this course will not have you speaking fluent

Esperanto by Lesson Ten, but it will have introduced you to the basic

principles of the language, which by now should not appear so 'foreign' to

you if you were to pick up  a textbook or elementary reader.

Rowing across the ocean would be more satisfying (and a little bit easier)

if you could see the milestones going by.  Otherwise, once out of sight of

land, it is an act of faith whether you are making any progress at all.  In

the same way in learning a language, are you really learning more than you

are forgetting?

In a 'correspondence' course such as this one, it is impossible to test

your speaking and listening abilities.  That will come at some later level

in your quest for complete control over the International Language.  Right

now, we will have to be content with written tests and exercises.

Below, you will find a series of vocabulary and grammar

("fill-in-the-blank") exercises to be used as sort of a test. Try to

complete and send in these exercises without referring back to previous

lessons.  If you do look back, then you never really will know how much

you've learned so far.  So, do the exercises and study the little bit of

new material.

__________________________ extract from here ____________________________

                         Ekzercoj, Leciono Sep

Vocabulary Test (Translate into English):

1.   akvo                          31.  frato

2.   al                            32.  fumi

3.   ami                           33.  granda

4.   amiko                         34.  gxis

5.   Anglujo                       35.  gxojo

6.   atendi                        36.  havi

7.   auxtobuseto                   37.  hejmo

8.   bela                          38.  horo

9.   biciklo                       39.  ili

10.  blanka                        40.  instruisto

11.  blua                          41.  juna

12.  bona                          42.  kafo

13.  bruna                         43.  kaj

14.  butiko                        44.  kial

15.  cigaredo                      45.  kiam

16.  cxambro                       46.  kiel

17.  cxe                           47.  kies

18.  cxokolado                     48.  kiom

19.  danco                         49.  knabo

20.  de                            50.  kuko

21.  dek                           51.  kun

22.  demandi                       52.  kuri

23.  domo                          53.  kvar

24.  du                            54.  kvin

25.  dum                           55.  lakto

26.  en                            56.  lavi

27.  esti                          57.  mangxi

28.  fari                          58.  patro

29.  flava                         59.  skribi

30.  forgesi                       60.  verda

Grammar Test (Replace 'missing bits'):

Use the following 'missing bits':

a, aj, aj, al, an, cxe, cxion, cxiuj, de, dum, e, e, en, estas, gxis,

havas, ili, in, ist, iu, jun, kaj, kiel, kies, kio, kun, la, mal, ne,

o, o, oj, ojn, on, on, por, sub, sur, tio, as, as, tiu, tiom.

61. The boy                        73. Start working quietly

    ___ knab___                        Eklaboru      silent___

62. A   good   boy                 74. Whose book  is    that?

    ___ bon___ knabo                   ___   libro estas ___?

63. And a girl                     75. How (did) you do    so-much?

    ___   knab___o                     ___       vi  faris ___?

64. The girl    is  bad            76. Do     everything again

    La  knabino ___ ___bona            Refaru ___

65. She has a cigarette            77. To  the club  in  Paris

    Sxi ___   cigared___               ___ la  klubo ___ Parizo

66. Men    smoke cigarettes        78. In  the minibus     from London

    Vir___ fumas cigared___            ___ la  auxtobuseto ___  Londono

67. Good   girls    don't smoke    79. With lemonade under the seats

    Bon___ knabinoj ___   fumas        ___  limonado ___   la  segxoj

68. But they quickly  learn        80. For drinking whilst we journey

    Sed ___  rapid___ lern___          ___ trinkado ___    ni vojagxas

69. The pupils   are   young       81. On  the freeway as far as Paris

    La lernantoj estas jun___          ___ la  sxoseo  ___       Parizo

70. They have a  new    school     82. We all run    on to the beach

    Ili  havas   nov___ lernejon       Ni ___ kur___ sur   la plagx___

71. The teacher   is    old        83. And someone swims  in the sea

    La instru___o estas mal___a        Kaj ___     nagxas en la mar___

72. 'What's    that?' he asks

    '___ estas ___?'  li demandas

__________________________ extract to here ____________________________

Let's take a look now at some very important verbs...

voli (want), povi (can, be able), devi (must, have to)

     Mi volas veni                 Mi volas kompreni

     I want to come                I want to understand

     Mi povas veni                 Mi povas kompreni

     I am able to come             I am able to understand

     I can come                    I can understand

     Mi devas veni                 Mi devas kompreni

     I must come                   I must understand

     I have to come                I have to understand

     [Always use the infinitive verb after voli, povi, devi.]

placxi al, sxati, ami

     Io aux iu placxas al mi.      Something or someone is pleasing to me. 

                                   I like someone or something (a mild,

                                   noncommittal verb)

     Mi sxatas ion.                I esteem, greatly like something. 

                                   (inanimate objects, etc.)

     Mi amas iun.                  I love someone (or pets).

     Libroj placxas al mi.

     Books are pleasing to me.  I like books.

     Betty placxas al mi.

     Betty is pleasing to me.  I like Betty.

     Mi sxatas cxokoladajn kuketojn.

     I really like chocolate cupcakes.

     Mi amas vian filinon.

     I love (am in love with) your daughter.

koni vs. scii

     Mi konas...    I know OF, I am aware of such a person, place or thing,

                    or happening.

     Mi scias...    I know something, have studied it.

     Cxu vi konas Johanon?    Do you know John?

     Cxu vi scias Esperanton? Do you know Esperanto?

     Cxu vi konas Esperanton? Are you familiar with Esperanto?

Don't forget to add your name and e-mail address, and mail the

exercises to the address for your tutor in the Welcome Letter,

with subject: 'FEC ekz 7'.


Go back to the index for other lessons.